The most common terms used in XML are:
- Characters (Unicode) – the content of an XML document.
- Processor – analyzes the markup and passes structured information to the application.
- Application – uses the structured information to deliver results; the interface.
- Markup – the characters that comprise the “code” of the XML document and identifiable with “<…..>” or “&….;”.
- Content – the characters of the XML document that is not considered code and found between tags.
- Tag – markup constructs beginning with “<” and ending with “>”: there are start-tags <section>, end-tags </section>, and empty-element tags <line-break/>.
- Element – A logical component of a document that either begins with a start-tag and matching end-tag or uses an empty-element tag.
- Child Elements – additional markups contained within an element.
- Attribute – a markup construct identifying a name/value pair.
- XML Declaration – defined information about the document.
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